What Are Domestic Heating Oil Tanks?

What Are Domestic Heating Oil Tanks?

Heating oil has several domestic applications, most commonly being central heating and hot water supply. The heating oil or kerosene is stored in tanks from where it is supplied to oil boilers or water heaters. Hot water is then supplied to the central heating system and hot water storage tanks for hygiene purposes. Oil boilers are generally used in regions without natural gas supply or where utilising oil is more cost-effective. One of the challenges with oil heating systems is ensuring a constant oil supply. This is usually made possible by storing oil in an adequate size storage tank that can easily meet your consumption.

What are the different types of oil storage tanks?

Before you hire professionals for Domestic Heating Oil Tank Installation Service, you need to know the various types of oil storage tanks based on their construction material. These include steel, fibreglass, and Polyethylene tanks. Steel tanks can be single or double-wall. The latter are considered more durable and reliable than the former. Fibreglass and polyethene tanks have anti-corrosive properties and offer good durability. Tanks are also differentiated based on their mode of installation. Some tanks are classified as above-ground, while others are underground tanks. Some tanks are more suitable for horizontal installation, while others are for vertical. When selecting the right tank for storing heating oil, you may want to consider your available installation space, budget, and local regulations.

Are there any regulations which govern heating oil storage tanks?

In the United Kingdom, several sets of regulations directly or indirectly pertain to heating oil storage tanks. These include building regulations, environmental regulations, COP (Control of Pollution) regulations, and regulations on tank material & construction. Some of the COP regulations are mentioned below:

  • The regulations apply to installing above-ground or underground heating oil storage tanks with 44 gallons or more capacity.
  • The regulations demand that the construction of the storage tanks must meet the standards set by OFTEC OFS T200(Plastic) and BS EN 12885-1:2018(Steel).
  • The regulations state that there must be a second wall or layer around the storage tank to prevent any leakage from contaminating the environment. This is known as the bund capacity. This is the reason why double-wall storage tanks are preferred.
  • The bund capacity must be 110 % of the storage tank’s capacity.
  • The tank should be installed in locations which do not pose any potential threat or hazard. It should be at an appropriate distance from water sources and neighbouring buildings. The location should also promote adequate ventilation with the help of vents if necessary.
  • Heating oil storage tanks should only be installed by authorised and certified professionals such as Network Environmental UK.
  • The installers should provide the resident with a certificate of installation.
  • Regular inspection should be carried out to check for any damages or leakages. This should be followed by maintenance and repair activities.
  • The tanks should ideally have an automatic shut-off system to prevent overflowing during fuel delivery.
  • When a tank has completed its life, it should be discarded or decommissioned in accordance with safety regulations.
  • Proper records should be kept by the owners, including` installation certificates, records of inspections, repairs, and maintenance.

Which type of heating oil is used in the United Kingdom?

The residents of the United Kingdom primarily use kerosene for heating purposes. It is also known as the 28-second oil. Kerosene has high thermal efficiency and is readily available in the UK. The fuel has a low content of sulphur and therefore causes low emissions. It is considered to be a clean fuel, producing relatively less soot.

Who provides domestic heating oil in the UK?

Private companies usually supply heating oil for domestic uses in the United Kingdom. These businesses procure and store kerosene in bulk for supply to their customers. Domestic users often open up a regular account with these suppliers and get their deliveries on pre-fixed dates. These companies also provide emergency fuel supply in case their clients run out of fuel for any reason. They also offer contracts to ensure their clients receive emergency fuel deliveries when there is a shortage in the market. Domestic users must safeguard their oil deliveries, especially during the winter, by signing contracts. Some suppliers provide installation, repair, and maintenance services for heating oil storage tanks.

Business